"Success has many fathers, while failure is an orphan."
Direction : In Question nos. 1 to 10, you have
brief passages with 5 questions. Read the
passage carefully and choose the best answer
to each question out of the four alternatives and
mark it by blackening the appropriate oval [ ]
in the Answer Sheet.
PASSAGE - I
The desire to be contemporary is of course
new only in degree; it has existed to some extent
in all previous periods that believed themselves
to be progressive. The Renaissance had contempt
for the Gothic centuries that had preceded it; the
seventeenth and eighteenth centuries covered
priceless mosaics with whitewash; the Romantic
movement despised the age of the heroic couplet.
Our age is the most parochial since Homer. We
imagine ourselves at the apex of intelligence and
cannot believe that the quaint clothes and
cumbrous phrases can have invested people with
thoughts that are still worthy of our attention.
The modern minded man, although he
believes profoundly in the wisdom of his period,
must be presumed to be very modest about his
1. The desire to be contemporary was there
in the previous periods that were
PASSAGE - II
Philosophy means “love of wisdom”, and
philosophy in this sense is what men must
acquire if t he new powers invente d by
technicians, and handed over by them are to be
wielded by ordinary men and women; without
plunging mankind into an appalling cataclysm.
But the philosophy that should be a part of general
education is not the same thing as the philosophy
of specialists. Not only in philosophy, but also in
all branches of academi c study; there i s
distinction between what cultural value has and
what is only of professional interest. Historians
may debate upon what happened to Sennacherib’s
unsuccessful expedition of 698 B.C., but those
who are not historians need not know the
di f ference between it and hi s successf ul
expedition three years later.
Academic education should aim at an
overall study of available knowledge.